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The Ultimate Guide to Surrogacy in Minnesota

The surrogacy journey brings together several people, including intended parents and surrogates who share this extraordinary and personally rewarding experience. In many cases, it also includes a team of experts who help guide the journey. Circle Surrogacy & Egg Donation has more than a quarter-century of experience supporting intended parents, surrogate mothers, and egg donors through the surrogacy and egg donation process. If you’re a Minnesota resident, you can use this guide to learn about the surrogacy process in your state. And, once you've reviewed the information, Circle Surrogacy is ready to support you each step of the way during your journey.

 Table of Contents

Table of Contents

 An Overview of Surrogacy in Minnesota

An Overview of Surrogacy in Minnesota

The "Land of 10,000 Lakes" is an excellent state in which to pursue surrogacy. People of all backgrounds who are ready to start and expand their families work with Circle Surrogacy's team, which provides expertise and support. The surrogacy journey involves:

  • Intended parents (IPs): Couples or individuals who are unable to have a baby on their own can choose surrogacy to grow their families.
  • Gestational surrogates: No one knows better the gift of parenthood than mothers who already have children of their own. Gestational surrogates do NOT use their own eggs to create the embryos and have no genetic relationship to the babies they carry.
  • Egg donors: Young, selfless, and strong women help others fulfill their dreams of becoming parents by generously donating their eggs.

Among the multiple benefits of choosing to partner with Circle during your journey is that many members of our team have personal experience as intended parents, surrogates, or egg donors. They understand the thoughts and feelings of people embarking on their own surrogacy journeys.

Because people involved in surrogacy come from varied backgrounds and include a wide range of ages, no two surrogacy journeys are the same. Individuals of all sexual orientations—both couples and individuals—build their families through surrogacy. Intended parents from Minnesota often include:

  • Heterosexual couples who have struggled with infertility
  • Women who are unable to carry a child
  • People who don’t want to risk passing on a genetic defect or health condition to their baby
  • Same-sex couples who want a genetic connection with their baby

The women who become gestational surrogates and egg donors are amazing individuals with backgrounds just as diverse, making each surrogacy and egg donation journey unique.

 Why Minnesota Is a Great State for Surrogacy

Why Minnesota Is a Great State for Surrogacy

There are no surrogacy laws in Minnesota, meaning intended parents and surrogates can pursue the dream of adding to a family in a straightforward way—especially when guided by experts and professionals who help navigate the journey.

The benefits for Minnesota surrogates, intended parents, and egg donors include:

  • Access to top-rated clinics. Circle works with many intended parents who are clients of fertility clinics, especially in the Twin Cities of Minneapolis and St. Paul. We're happy to work with your IVF clinic if you already have one, or assist in finding the right fertility clinic for your journey.
  • Local surrogates. Circle works with surrogates from all over the state of Minnesota as well as Wisconsin, Illinois, and other nearby states, so we can help you find a match who lives close to you.
  • We're accessible. Circle Surrogacy is located on both coasts of the U.S. and has offices in other major cities. No matter the location, Circle supports parents throughout the Midwest through their surrogacy journeys, either personally or virtually.
  • Flexible consultation schedule. We are available for consults via video calls during the day, evenings, and some weekends. We do our best to accommodate your schedule.

Becoming a Parent in Minnesota

Making an informed decision is essential for intended parents. At Circle, we ensure that you understand the costs, processes, and laws associated with surrogacy in Minnesota before starting this journey.

The Surrogacy Process in Minnesota

Before embarking on a surrogacy journey, intended parents need to decide if they want to pursue surrogacy independently or with an agency's support and guidance. An experienced agency such as Circle Surrogacy helps intended parents navigate the legal and medical aspects of surrogacy, significantly reducing the stress of the process. We ensure you stay on track to meet various milestones, so you can relax and anticipate the arrival of your baby, knowing everyone involved is in good hands.
Choosing an Agency
You have many options in Minnesota if you decide to have an agency assist your surrogacy journey. In our experience, intended parents should first identify the qualifications they believe are the most important in choosing an agency. Is the agency's size more important than how many years it has supported intended parents and surrogates? Most important is establishing a personal connection, which is why it's essential to meet with members of the agency—either in person or through a video call. Your comfort level with having an open conversation with them is a vital part of your decision.
Finding a Surrogate and Egg Donor

If you intend to use an egg donor as part of your surrogacy journey, we recommend matching with her and creating your embryos as soon as you sign on with Circle. Using Circle Surrogacy's egg donor database, you can choose from various young, intelligent women whose physical and emotional health has been documented and who would love to help others become parents.

Circle's Program Coordination (PC) team helps match intended parents with the perfect surrogate and encourages you to get to know each other and develop a strong bond.

Pregnancy and Parenthood

Circle assists intended parents throughout pregnancy by:

  • Supporting them through each milestone
  • Helping them prepare for the birth
  • Ensuring they are ready to return home safely and securely with their baby

Many intended parents and surrogates form close relationships during this special time, joining their surrogates for prenatal appointments, either in person or virtually via video.

 Beginning the Surrogacy Process Milestone Card

Starting the Surrogacy Process

Once you're both emotionally and financially ready to begin the surrogacy process within the next 12 months, it's time to schedule a consultation with the agency you selected.

Circle Surrogacy offers complimentary, in-depth surrogacy consultations with a parent intake consultant and a lawyer. These private meetings typically take 2 to 2 1/2 hours. This is a time when we get to hear your story, learn more about each other, review the surrogacy process for you specifically, and discuss your questions or concerns. Additionally, we review our surrogacy programs and costs.

If you are not ready for a full consultation, we encourage you to schedule a 15-minute chat using our online form to talk with a member of our team.

 How Much Does Surrogacy Cost in Minnesota?

How Much Does Surrogacy Cost in Minnesota?

Circle Surrogacy's all-inclusive cost surrogacy program, the Journey Protection Guarantee Program, is the only one of its kind in Minnesota.

We designed this program to provide the utmost protection and financial security for intended parents, with no surprise costs or fees popping up during the journey. No other surrogacy agency can promise that!

Journey Protection Guarantee Program

Surrogacy only: $148,750

Surrogacy plus egg donation: $172,250

(both prices exclude IVF)

Our Journey Protection Guarantee offers intended parents:

  • An all-inclusive cost that covers unlimited retrievals and transfers and any complications that may arise during your journey
  • 100% refund of our agency fee if you have no embryos remaining and do not bring home a baby
  • No surprise costs or invoices

Our Journey Protection Guarantee Program includes fixed costs on the following:

  • Professional fees
  • Gestational carrier and egg donor fees
  • Pregnancy, labor, and delivery insurance

Circle Surrogacy is proud to offer this all-inclusive program to help as many Minnesota intended parents as possible bring home a baby while reducing variable costs.

Financing Your Surrogacy Journey

Circle is proud to be the only surrogacy agency to offer an exclusive financing plan for intended parents living in Minnesota through Origin Finance, LLC. With this program, even more intended parents can grow their families through surrogacy by taking advantage of fertility financing.

Learn more about our financing plan.

 Finding a Surrogate Mother in Minnesota

Finding a Surrogate Mother in Minnesota

Successfully matching intended parents with surrogates is one of the most gratifying experiences for our Circle Surrogacy team members. Finding the right match is an exciting part of the journey to parenthood that is transformative for all involved. We work with many surrogate mothers in Minnesota and surrounding states, so intended parents may have the opportunity to work with a local surrogate.

How to Start

Before starting the selection process, it’s time well-spent to think about what's important to you in a gestational carrier. We recommend preparing a mental checklist that includes the qualities you believe are most important in a surrogate. This can make the selection much easier, whether you’re pursuing an independent journey or working with a surrogacy agency's list of candidates. The majority of surrogates and intended parents matched by our agency have remained connected well beyond delivery, something that makes us proud.

How Circle Can Help Match Intended Parents and Surrogates

Your answers on our intended parent profile help your team at Circle get to know you better and find a candidate who we believe will be an ideal surrogate for you. The profile asks about you, your relationship (if you have a partner), your family, your hobbies, your plans for parenthood, and what brought you to the surrogacy process. Sharing photos of yourself, close friends or family members, and any other subjects that better acquaints us with you as a person is invaluable.

You also have the opportunity in your profile to specify:

  • How much communication you want with your surrogate during the journey
  • Where you'd like your surrogate to live
  • How many embryos you want to transfer
  • Your viewpoint on selective reduction and termination

If you are embarking on the surrogacy journey on your own, these guidelines can help you match with a compatible surrogate.

 New dad with his daughter through surrogacy

3 Criteria for Finding Surrogate Mothers

Intended parents often ask us how to determine who would make a suitable surrogate mother in Minnesota for them. We recommend asking yourself the following questions:

1. Does she meet the legal requirements? Our legal department ensures each surrogate presented as a potential match meets the requirements of Minnesota's surrogacy laws.

2. Do her personality and surrogacy expectations match yours? Your Program Coordination team (including a lawyer) works with you to ensure the surrogate's personality and expectations fit well with yours. That typically leads to a comfortable relationship throughout the journey.

3. Do you have similar views on termination and selective reduction? Thinking about selective reduction or pregnancy termination is difficult, but it's important that surrogates and intended parents agree on the issue before starting the journey. In our experience, intended parents typically prefer to have the option to terminate or selectively reduce if issues arise.

 Fill out an application to become an egg donor

Finding an Egg Donor in Minnesota

Finding the right egg donor, if that's part of your journey, is extremely important because the donor contributes half of the child's genetics.

Before beginning your search, ask yourself if there are any qualities that your egg donor absolutely must have. Other important questions to answer include:

  • Do you want an egg donor whose personality or appearance is like yours or complementary to yours?
  • What are your preferences regarding the egg donor's education, appearance, ethnicity, and personality? Intended parents can use Circle's egg donor database to start their egg donor search. Narrow your choices by searching for specific criteria, including:
  • Physical attributes (such as hair and eye color)
  • Race/ethnicity
  • Education
  • Previous fertility
  • Geography

If you're not entirely sure about certain qualities you want in an egg donor, our experienced team can help you make a great match.

 Surrogacy Laws in Minnesota

Surrogacy Laws in Minnesota

Gestational surrogacy is permitted and practiced in Minnesota because no statute or published case law prohibits it. While some courts may grant a pre-birth declaratory judgment establishing the intended parents’ parentage, an order following birth is required before the child’s birth certificate can list the intended parent(s), reflecting legal parentage.

The process to establish joint parentage varies by county and the exact genetic relationships. Often, a non-genetic parent is required to finalize an adoption (whether it be in Minnesota or the parents’ state or country of residence) to be declared a legal parent. The child’s birth certificate can then be amended to reflect that parent’s legal status. Despite these extra steps and required court appearances by all parties after the birth, the process is generally handled quickly in Minnesota (within a few weeks if the adoption is finalized in Minnesota).

 The Process for Surrogates in Minnesota

The Process for Surrogates in Minnesota

Circle's experienced social workers and program coordinators provide support and guidance to Minnesota surrogates throughout the surrogacy process. Many of our team members have been surrogates themselves and understand the physical and emotional experience. Surrogate Advisors or other experienced surrogates are ready to talk with women considering gestational surrogacy even if they're not ready to submit an application.

The surrogate process involves:

  • Pre-screening
  • Consultation
  • Matching with intended parents
  • Medical screening and legal contracts
  • Monitoring appointments and embryo transfer
  • Pregnancy
  • Delivery

Learn more about the surrogacy process at Circle and how we support our surrogates each step of the way.

Getting Started as a Surrogate

Wherever you may be in your journey, it can be helpful to complete our simple online surrogacy application. It takes only about 10 minutes to complete, and you're not obligated to proceed.
 Surrogate mother requirements on computer

Surrogate Requirements in Minnesota

Gestational surrogates are very special women who are passionate about motherhood and family. All kinds of women become surrogates, including teachers, medical professionals, and stay-at-home moms. Gestational carriers have had smooth, uncomplicated pregnancies and enjoy being pregnant but have determined that they are finished growing their own families.

To qualify as a surrogate mother in Minnesota, you must meet the following requirements:

  • Have delivered a child of your own and are currently parenting at least one child.
  • Have had uncomplicated pregnancies and deliveries, as documented by medical records.
  • Are from 21 to 41 years of age.
  • Have a Body Mass Index (BMI) no higher than 32. Calculate my BMI.
  • Are a United States citizen, legal resident, or legal immigrant. If you are a legal resident or legal immigrant of the United States, you must provide valid documentation for at least 2 years.
  • Do not participate in the following government aid programs: cash assistance, welfare, public housing, and Section 8. All other forms of government assistance will be considered on a case-by-case basis.

Review all surrogate requirements

 Surrogate mother application and screening at computer

Benefits of Being a Surrogate in Minnesota

Our surrogate mothers who live in Minnesota enjoy both monetary and emotional benefits, which include:

  • Earning up to $55,000 in payments and benefits.
  • Gaining an incredible sense of self-fulfillment from giving the greatest gift humanly possible to another family.
  • Building a lifelong relationship with forever-grateful intended parents.
  • Being supported by a personal journey coordination team and licensed social worker every step of the way.
  • Connecting with an active community of other surrogates across the country.

See Circle's full list of benefits and compensation for surrogates in Minnesota. We begin monthly payments and provide compensation and benefits to our surrogates even before they become pregnant.

 How Much Do Surrogates Get Paid in Minnesota?

How Much Do Surrogates Get Paid in Minnesota?

It's safe to say that members of the Circle Surrogacy team who have been surrogates themselves understand and appreciate the physical, emotional, and mental commitment required to be a surrogate—not to mention the dedication of their families. Circle Surrogacy's compensation and benefits program was created for surrogates by surrogates and provides security, benefits, and protection that are virtually unsurpassed.

We created our new Surrogate Pay & Family Protection Program with surrogates and their families in mind. It provides the following benefits:

  • Competitive pay (your base fee plus additional benefits)
  • Protection for the surrogate and her family throughout the journey
  • All expenses paid, from travel to meals to gas and more
  • Full transparency on what's included
  • Benefits you won't find at any other agency

You may still be considering other agencies based on their compensation; even so, we encourage you to apply with Circle. We'd appreciate having the opportunity to talk with you about those offers—we can match them. We promise you'll have the best surrogacy experience with us.

How Does Surrogate Pay Work?

Surrogates receive their first payments before they are pregnant, and payments continue throughout their pregnancies. We break down surrogate pay into the following categories:

Base Compensation

Calculate your base compensation with our payment calculator to see how much you could earn as a surrogate in your state.

Payments Before You Are Pregnant

Circle compensates you early in your journey for completing tasks and milestones, such as a signing payment and for your medical screening. These payments are in addition to your base compensation.

Payments During and After Surrogacy

Surrogate mothers also receive financial support for necessities during the pregnancy, such as maternity clothing, housekeeping, pumping and shipping breast milk, and more. These payments are in addition to your base compensation.

Additional Benefits

Surrogates will receive additional non-monetary benefits that are priceless in ensuring they’re protected and have a smooth journey. These benefits include social work support, legal counsel, life insurance, and more.

 Circle Surrogate Promise program offers the best agency support

How Circle Supports Surrogates

As mentioned earlier, the exceptional support we provide surrogates stems from the fact that many of our staff members have completed the surrogate journey themselves. That support begins the minute surrogates fill out their applications and continues through delivery day and beyond. During that time, our pre-screened surrogates have access to:

  • Social work, legal, and journey support
  • Private social groups with other surrogate mothers
  • Exclusive events with the Circle team

You can talk with experienced members of our team to get answers to any questions you may have.

Surrogates working with Circle get connected with skilled, trustworthy experts, including attorneys in the areas where they live. These lawyers have a strong working knowledge of assisted reproductive technology (ART) law and have worked in the past with Circle. They can help you review and understand any legal contracts. It's just one more way we help make the entire surrogacy process smooth and simple. To learn more, read our blog post about the 10 steps to becoming a surrogate.

 The Circle Surrogate Promise

The Circle Surrogate Promise

We created the Circle Surrogate Promise based on feedback from previous gestational carriers to improve our offerings. This program guarantees pay, security, and support exclusively for Circle Surrogates; no other agency can offer the same level of security and support. We genuinely care about our carriers and want surrogacy to be as successful and rewarding as possible for each of them.

Through this program, Circle Surrogacy promises:

1. Guaranteed compensation. Circle ensures that each surrogate is always paid in full and on time because we financially back our intended parents.

2. Zero medical bill liability. Circle Surrogacy takes on the liability of medical bills. Some of our previous surrogates expressed frustration about medical bills, and we've made big changes. While a surrogate is the patient and will always receive medical bills, our new fixed-cost Journey Protection Guarantee Program for intended parents allows us to protect both the surrogates and intended parents and ensure all medical bills will be paid in a timely manner.

3. Up to $5,000 compensation, even if you leave the program. Women accepted into our surrogate program who are medically cleared and matched with intended parents—but who don't achieve a pregnancy—are compensated for their time, energy, and dedication thus far in their journeys (up to $5,000 total).

4. Empowerment in birth choices. Gestational carriers may have different preferences regarding the birth of their surrogate baby. At Circle, our surrogates have choices for their preferred birth options, such as doula care, a hospital birth, or using a birth center with a midwife.

5. Personalized, small agency feel; large agency resources. An experienced carrier likely will be the first person you speak with at Circle. She'll guide you through the process until you are matched with your intended parents. They'll also personally introduce you to your dedicated social worker and journey support team, all of whom are in-house at Circle. You'll always be supported by a Circle employee who knows all the details about you and your journey. (You'll never have to worry about working with a third party who doesn't even know your name!) Plus, with our expanded team, we can offer support groups, virtual events, one-on-one surrogate mentorship, and more.

 Smiling Parents with their sleeping child

Finding a Perfect Intended Parent Match

Being matched is an exciting time for both you and the intended parents. Our extensive and thorough matching process ensures we match you with the right intended parents in Minnesota. This is the start of one of the most consequential journeys that a surrogate and intended parents will take, and it's important to establish a strong connection and trusting relationship.

At the outset of the matching process, your Surrogate Advisor discusses personality fit and legal circumstances with the intended parents. You'll then get to review each other's profiles, ask questions, and see if you feel comfortable with each other. You will also meet the intended parents in an initial video call or possibly in person. It's important to make sure that both you and the intended parents feel comfortable with the match. Only then will we move forward with the surrogacy agreement.

Circle works with all kinds of intended parents, including LGBTQ+ and heterosexual couples, couples in the U.S. and other countries, singles, and more. We're confident there's the right match for you.

Getting Started

Whether you are intended parents or are interested in becoming a surrogate or egg donor, the surrogacy process can be one of the most rewarding experiences of your life. Take the first step by learning more about surrogacy.