FAQs

Why should I choose Circle Surrogacy?

Circle is the only agency in the world to guarantee a baby at a guaranteed cost, including guaranteed insurance coverage for your surrogate.  Circle guarantees babies because it has partnered with IVF clinics whose success rates are so high they are willing to provide a single price for unlimited IVFs until you have a baby.  Circle guarantees costs by reviewing its costs from year to year and understanding both the best and worst case scenarios, so that it can add a small bit of insurance to protect itself against unexpected happenings and agreeing to take on those bills itself, rather than pass them on to the Intended Parents.  It guarantees insurance by having numerous lawyers there to read insurance contracts, protect Intended Parents and Surrogates from insurance company refusals to pay and being backed up by Lloyds of London due to its long history of success.

Circle also thinks long term.  Developed by a lawyer who himself is the father of two kids through surrogacy, Circle looks first to the best interest of the child, recommending relationships with surrogates and known donation to allow children to dispel the mystery of their birth and to remain acquainted with their genetic parent (to get to meet her if they wish and to keep apprised of any changes in her medical history).  It looks next to the best interest of its carefully selected surrogates to make sure they feel good about the amazing gift they are giving, through providing them with support and fostering their relationship with the parents.  And, to no lesser degree, it looks next at the needs of the individual or couple, making sure that, if a couple, they both are interested in having children, that they have support systems in place and that they are both considered the legal parents of the child, whenever possible.”

Since its inception, when John Weltman ran Circle by himself, Circle has deeply cared that there would always be someone there to respond to your needs.  No agency goes farther to make sure that there is someone 24 hours a day 7 days a week to answer any question, respond to any anxiety, celebrate any joy, and sympathize with any setback or loss.  We care hugely about providing you with personalized attention, and with having enough experts on hand that no matter what your need or question, we will respond to it for you. 

What is the difference between gestational surrogacy and traditional surrogacy?

There are two types of surrogacy—gestational surrogacy and traditional surrogacy. In a typical gestational surrogacy arrangement, intended parents create embryos through in vitro fertilization. One or more of these embryos is implanted in a surrogate (sometimes known as a gestational carrier), who carries the child or children to term, but has no genetic relationship to them.

Gestational surrogacies makeup the vast majority of modern surrogacy arrangements. By contrast, traditional surrogates typically become pregnant through artificial insemination, and have a genetic connection to the child or children they carry for their intended parents. We do not arrange traditional surrogacies.

How do I begin the process?

Starting your surrogacy begins with a free consultation. You'll hear from an experienced attorney as well as a process consultant. We'll tell you about our program offerings, ask you about your experience so far, and answer any questions you have.

To request a consultation, click here. You can learn more about what a consultation involves here.

How long does the whole surrogacy process take?

The length of the process depends on several factors. We typically tell intended parents that they should plan on a year and a half from the time they sign on with our agency until they have a child, although it can be quicker or longer depending on the legal requirements involved and the course of the IVF treatment.

Which IVF clinics do you work with?

We have built relationships with several IVF clinics across the country. These relationships allow you to take advantage of special pricing packages we have negotiated. However, the decision of which fertility clinic to use is entirely the decision of the intended parents. Circle Surrogacy will work with any fertility clinic that the intended parents choose, as long as they will be able to coordinate with our agency. We encourage intended parents to evaluate several fertility clinics and choose the one that they feel meets their needs. When you are choosing a clinic, you should consider some of these things: your personality fit with the doctor and other medical staff, your comfort with their process, and the clarity of their financial information.

Can I be a parent if I’m single?

Of course! We work with intended parents of all backgrounds—single individuals, same-sex couples, and heterosexual couples.

Is Circle Surrogacy affiliated with any groups?

Yes. We are members of the American Society of Reproductive Medicine (ASRM). We work closely with the LGBT Community Center in New York, Family Equality Council, Resolve New England, Gay and Lesbian Advocates and Defenders (GLAD), and Parent via Egg Donation (PVED). Our attorneys are active in the American Bar Association (ABA) Section of Family Law’s Subcommittee on Assisted Reproduction Technology and are admitted to the Massachusetts, New York, and California State Bars.

What happens to any remaining frozen embryos?

Frozen embryos are stored at your IVF clinic. If your family is complete, you will be advised on your options for the future of your embryos. If you choose to move your embryos, your IVF center will assist you in that process. Of course, you may use the cryopreserved embryos in a future surrogacy if you choose.

Can I be a parent if I am or my partner is HIV+?

Yes. Thanks to a sperm washing technique and HIV testing, it is possible for HIV+ men to father safely. We have helped a number of HIV+ individuals become fathers through surrogacy. We offer the Special Program of Assisted Reproduction (SPAR) program in conjunction with the Bedford Research Foundation Lab. You can learn more about surrogacy for HIV+ intended parents in this download.

How many visits will I have to make to the United States?

You will be required to come to the United States 2-3 times (for the creation of the embryos at the IVF Clinic and the eventual delivery of the child), but it is more common for international intended parents to visit about 4 times during the process.

The first preferred visit is to meet your surrogate, once you are matched, and complete the medical screening at the IVF clinic. The second is for the IVF procedure and embryo transfer. The third visit is for the 20-week ultrasound scan. And the final visit is for the birth of your child. Of course, if you and your surrogate choose, you can visit more frequently.

How long should I expect to be in the United States during and after the delivery?

This varies based the legal work required and the procedures in the state in which the child was delivered. As a general rule, we advise international intended parents to plan on returning home after 2-4 weeks, to allow ample time for any DNA testing, court proceedings, the issuance of any birth certificates and the application for any visas and/or passports. We will guide you through this process. Depending on legal work, you may be able to go home sooner.

If I don’t live in the United States, how will my child get a passport?

Because of a legal principle known as jus soli, children who are born in the United States are automatically entitled to for U.S. citizenship and U.S. passports, regardless of the citizenship of their intended parents. As a result, most intended parents who pursue surrogacy in the United States are able to return home with their children without first obtaining a passport from their native country. Nevertheless, some international intended parents may choose to or be required to obtain either passports or temporary visas for their children at a local consulate in the United States in order to return home after the birth. Intended parents should consult with immigration attorneys in their native countries for information about the best procedures for returning home with their children. We will assist you in getting the US passport through one of our partners, an expert in navigating the passport system.

Why do women choose to become surrogates (gestational carries)?

Some surrogates have had a personal experience with infertility and are eager to help a couple or individual to become parents. Others may feel that their family is complete but love being pregnant and feel that helping prospective parents is a greater calling. What unites all of them is the desire to help a family grow.

How are surrogate applicants screened?

A woman applies to become a surrogate with Circle Surrogacy by filling out a detailed questionnaire. We review her answers and if we think she would be a good fit for our program, a consulting IVF physician examines her medical records, including a history of recent pregnancies. Our legal team reviews any medical insurance plans. Next, she participates in a detailed assessment by phone with one of our licensed social workers. We evaluate the applicant’s support network and run a criminal background and bankruptcy/judgment history check her and her husbands/partners.

How does the matching process work?

Once we have accepted a surrogate applicant into our program, our matching and legal teams determine possible matching options based on a variety of factors, including: the state she lives in, whether she has insurance, and the matching preferences from both intended parents and surrogates.

We will send the redacted profile of the intended parents (with no identifying information) to the surrogate. If she expresses interest, we will send her profile to the intended parents, similarly leaving out all identifying information. Once the surrogate and the prospective parents express a mutual interest, we will put them in touch by telephone, Skype or email so they can begin to get to know each other.

After communicating with each other, the surrogate and the prospective parents meet in person at their mutual convenience: at the surrogate’s home, the intended parents’ home, or some place in between. If the surrogate has children and/or a partner or spouse, the intended parents meet them as well.

An IVF physician medically screens them after a match is made. If for any reason the surrogate doesn’t pass the medical screening (which is rare), Circle Surrogacy presents a new match free of charge.

What are the requirements to become a surrogate (gestational carrier)?

We’ve established strict requirements for our surrogate applicants to ensure the continued success of our program. Here are some of our requirements for surrogate applicants:

  • 21-41 years of age,
  • Birth to a healthy child within the past 7 years,
  • No participation in certain government aid programs,
  • Body Mass Index (BMI) of no higher than 33,
  • Residence in a surrogacy-friendly state in the United States,
  • Support of family and friends,
  • No use of illegal drugs, cigarettes, or alcohol abuse,
  • No currently use of anti-depressants,
  • No form of contraceptive intra-uterine device (IUD), and
  • No more than 3 previous births by caesarean section.
Will I have contact with my surrogate?

Openness, honesty, and communication are core values at Circle Surrogacy. We encourage building meaningful relationships that will continue to exist throughout the life of the child. Because of our relationship-focused approach, nearly every surrogate agrees to have a second journey with her intended parents when asked.

Can my surrogate be enrolled in government aid programs?

It depends, but for the most part we are unable to accept surrogate applicants who are receiving government assistance. Programs like Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and Section 8 housing generally have strict requirements on income. Unfortunately, reimbursements received for acting as a gestational surrogate could potentially impact eligibility for these benefits. However, we are often able to accept surrogate applicants who are enrolled in Medicaid programs.

Where will my surrogate deliver my child?

Most of our surrogates already have relationships with an obstetrician/gynecologist (OB/GYN) and many will deliver at the same hospital where they gave birth to their children. All surrogates will deliver at a hospital near their home. The decision about where to deliver is typically made in conjunction with the OBGYN and the insurance company, which may have a network of approved providers and hospitals. Occasionally, our legal team will recommend that a delivery occur at a specific hospital.

Intended parents often wish to be a part of the labor and delivery process. Hospital policy and your surrogate’s comfort play a large role in determining who will be able to be present in the delivery room. Following the birth, the baby will either remain in the nursery or a room assigned to you. According to most hospital policies, the child cannot be released from the hospital until the surrogate has been released.

Why do women want to become egg donors?

Egg donors are typically young women in their twenties who are looking for a way to help others while also helping themselves financially. Many of these women know people who have struggled with infertility or know other people who have donated their eggs. Our egg donor team seeks strong egg donor applicants who want to help a family grow.

What are the requirements to become an egg donor?

There are many requirements, medical and psychological, for egg donor applicants. You can find out more about our egg donor requirements in the Donors section of this site. In general, egg donors need to be between 20-29 years old and in good physical and emotional health. They must have a family medical history free of significant genetic syndromes and abnormalities and mental health concerns.

How do I select an egg donor?

Choosing an egg donor is one of the most challenging choices intended parents will have to make in the egg donor surrogacy process. Often, they will have an idea about certain traits they are looking for (hair color or eye color, for instance). But intended parents more often base their decision an egg donor’s responses to our detailed questionnaire. You can request access to donor database to view these egg donor questionnaires. When you find a profile that you connect with, your journey coordinator can assist you in making a match with the egg donor.

Will I have contact with my egg donor?

Circle Surrogacy's egg donors are open to and expect to have a phone call or Skype call with their intended parents. Most of our egg donors are also willing to meet their intended parents in person. You will learn about an egg donor's willingness to meet you when you read her profile. These women are counseled on the importance of being open to talking with or meeting a child born from their donation in the future, should this be requested.

Are the egg donors anonymous or known?

Circle Surrogacy has always emphasized and encouraged known egg donation. In this arrangement, you and your egg donor will learn each other’s names and have the opportunity to get to know each other.

We believe knowing where he/she came from is important for a child’s sense of identity. In addition, known egg donation allows you and your children to remain updated about their genetic parent’s medical history as it changes over time.

However, we respect intended parents’ and egg donors’ right to choose to remain anonymous and we counsel on issues related to anonymity. Ultimately, we find that egg donors will often agree to be known or anonymous based on the preference of the intended parents, but the majority of donors who come to Circle Surrogacy are comfortable with a known egg donation.

What is the difference between a proven donor and first-time donor?

Proven Fertility: This term refers to a woman who has given birth to a healthy child of her own or whose eggs have led to a successful pregnancy for an intended parent via egg donation. When you see "Proven Fertility" on an egg donor's profile, you can inquire whether her proven fertility is based on a personal pregnancy or a previous egg donation by emailing info@circleeggdonation.com.

Previous Donor: This term refers to a woman who has previously completed a full egg donation cycle and fully understands what the process entails. For further information on a donor's previous donation, you can email info@circleeggdonation.com