In 2012, a number of U.S. state legislatures took up the issue of surrogacy. New Jersey and California both passed laws that authorized surrogacy agreements. The California surrogacy law survived. Governor Chris Christie’s veto ended the New Jersey surrogacy law. An effort to legalize compensated surrogacy in Washington State fell apart in negotiations. A South Dakota bill to ban surrogacy was tabled in a committee.
Here are a few surrogacy developments from 2012:
Maine, Maryland, and Washington voters approved marriage equality in November elections. Minnesota voters defeated an effort to create a constitutional amendment banning gay marriage. Nine U.S. states and the District of Columbia now issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples. (Read more about what the changes mean for gay surrogacy.)
State courts continued to weigh in on surrogacy in 2012. Maine’s Supreme Judicial Court confirmed that courts in the state can grant parentage to intended parents. A New Jersey Supreme Court decision required a non-genetic intended mother to adopt her child after a surrogacy arrangement.
Abroad, a new French president promised to make same-sex marriage and gay adoption legal. And the United Kingdom announced its plan to grant maternity leave rights to women who have had their children through a surrogate. Queensland, Australia’s Liberal National Party announced that it would seek to prevent same-sex couples from pursuing surrogacy.
E! News news anchor Giuliana Rancic welcomed a child through surrogacy. And NBC premiered The New Normal, a television show about a gay couple, their surrogate, and their journey to become parents through surrogacy.
Stay tuned for our thoughts on what we can expect in 2013!